- Time:
- 11:30am
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Mathematics Seminars and Colloquia

4 December 2023- 9 December 2023

======================

Lecture series on algebraic stacks

Monday, 4th December, 11:30 am

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Host: Sudarshan GurjarVenue: Ramanujan Hall

Speaker: Nitin Nitsure, TIFR (retd)

Title: Gerbes and their cohomology classes

Abstract: Locally trivial fiber bundles can be described by their transition functions, giving a class in the first Cech cohomology of the structure group. Gerbes can be regarded as a `higher' version of this twisting phenomenon. The local description of a gerbe gives rise to a class in the second Cech cohomology of the base with coefficients in the `band' (lien in French) of the gerbe. This description of the cohomology class of a gerbe is particularly simple when the band is abelian, which is the case we will describe in this talk. The cohomological Brauer class of Azumaya algebra (or of a projective bundle) is an example of such a cohomological class.

- Time:
- 1:30pm - 2:30pm
- Description:
Analysis seminar

Monday 4 Dec, 2023, 1:30 pm - 2:30 pm=========================

Venue: Meeting ID: 835 4823 3902, Passcode: 585182

Join Zoom Meeting

https://us06web.zoom.us/j/83548233902?pwd=A9bwLvfOJtpO88Dmzk1di4YaUq37aZ.1

Host: Chandan Biswas

Speaker: Yves Colin de Verdière

Affiliation: Fourier Institute, CNRS, University of Grenoble I

Title: On the spectrum of the Poincaré operator in ellipsoids.

Abstract: The Poincaré equation describes the motion of an incompressible fluid in a domain submitted to a rotation. The associated wave operator is called the "Poincaré operator". If the domain is an ellipsoid, it was observed by several physicists that the spectrum is a pure point with polynomial eigenfields. I will give conceptual proof of this fact and an asymptotic result on the eigenvalues.

- Time:
- 10:30am
- Description:
Analysis seminar: An IPDF talk

Wednesday, December 6 at 10.30 am

=========================

Venue: Meeting ID: 818 7750 5751, Passcode: 671479

https://us06web.zoom.us/j/81877505751?pwd=rqLYSbLv1bYxahPYpPa0cGMmNXEjPr.1

Host: Mayukh Mukherjee

Speaker: Ramesh Chandra Sau,Affiliation: The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Title: An Analysis and Solution of Optimal Control Problems: Classical to

Modern Approaches.Abstract: In this talk, I will present both classical approaches (e.g., EFM) and modern approaches (using deep learning tools) to solve and analyze optimal control problems. The first part of this talk will be based on the energy space formulation of Dirichlet boundary control problems. We propose a finite element-based numerical method to solve the Dirichlet boundary control problem and derive error estimates in the energy norm. In the second part, we discuss solving optimal control problems using physics-informed neural networks (C-PINN). We describe $L^2(\Omega)$ error bounds in terms of neural network parameters and number of sampling points. We present some numerical examples to illustrate the approach (C-PINN) and compare it with existing approaches

- Time:
- 11:30am
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Monday, 11 December, 11:30 am

========================

Host: Sudarshan GurjarVenue: Ramanujan Hall

Speaker: Nitin Nitsure,

Affiliation: TIFR (retd)

Title: Gerbes and their cohomology classes

Abstract: After recalling the basics of gerbs and the morphisms between them, we will visit the following correspondences. Let F be a sheaf of abelian groups on a base X (in ordinary general topology, or in any subcanonical Grothendieck topology). Then there are the following natural isomorphisms. (0) The group of all global sections of F over X is isomorphic to the 0th cohomology of X with coefficients F. (1) The group of all isomorphism classes of F-torsors over X is isomorphic to the 1st cohomology of X with coefficients F. (2) The group of all isomorphism classes of F-gerbes on X is isomorphic to the 2nd cohomology of X with coefficients F. After briefly recalling (0) and (1), we will focus on (2). When X is a scheme with etale topology, and F is the sheaf G_m of invertible regular functions, the Brauer invariant of a sheaf of Azumaya algebras gives an illustration of the correspondence (2) in etale cohomology.

- Time:
- 2:00pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Coding theory seminar

Monday, 11 December, 2 pm

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Venue: Ramanujan Hall

Host: Sudhir Ghorpade

Title: The Exceptional Almost Perfect Nonlinear Function Conjecture

Speaker: Heeralal Janwa, University of Puerto Rico, the Main Campus at Rio Piedras

Abstract: Let F be a finite field of characteristic 2. A function f from F to F is called an almost perfect nonlinear (APN) function if the equation f(x+a) -f(x) = b has at most 2 solutions for every a,b in F, with a nonzero. APN functions are important in coding theory, cryptography, and combinatorics. We call a function an exceptional APN if it is an APN on F and on infinitely many extensions of F. We can transform the problem of finding the APN function into the problem of finding rational points in the variety X given by the corresponding multivariate polynomial G(x,y z) that lies outside the affine surface given by (x+y)(y+z)(x+z)=0. Using Lang-Weil, Deligne, and Ghoparde-Lachaud bounds one can estimate the number of rational points of the variety X when it is absolutely irreducible. These estimates allow us to transform the problem of whether a function is an exceptional APN to the problem of finding an absolute irreducible factor of the polynomial G(x,y z) different from (x+y), (y+z), (x+z).

The monomial exceptional APN functions had been classified up to CCZ equivalence in 2011, proving the conjecture of Janwa and Wilson (1993). The main tools used were the computation and classification of the singularities of X and a new algorithm for the absolute irreducibility testing using Bezout's Theorem. Aubry, McGuire, and Rodier (2010) conjectured that the only exceptional APN functions up to CCZ equivalence are the Gold exponent (2^k + 1) and the Kasami-Welch exponent (2^{2k} - 2^k + 1) monomial functions.

We will present the resolution of this conjecture in the Gold degree exponent case. We have also made substantial progress in resolving the exceptional APN conjecture for the Kasami-Welch case. In addition, we will present some results for the even degree cases for both the Gold and the Kasami-Welch degree exponents.

As a consequence of these results, we prove part of a conjecture on exceptional crooked functions. One of the main tools in our proofs is our new absolute irreducibility criteria. We will remind the audience that absolute irreducibility property is fundamental to number theory and arithmetic algebraic geometry, for example, as a necessary condition for applying the bounds of Deligne, Bombieri, Lang-Weil, and Ghorpade-Lachaud on rational points and exponential sums. We will present some open problems on singular zeta functions of curves over finite fields. (Joint work with Carlos Agrinsoni and Moisés Delgado)

- Time:
- 2:30pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Number theory seminar

Tuesday, 12th December 2023, 2.30 pm

==========================

Venue: Ramanujan Hall

Host: Kummari Mallesham

Speaker: Prahlad SharmaAffiliation: Max Planck Institute for Mathematics

Title: Counting special points on quadratic surfaces.

Abstract: We show that the modern version of the circle method powered by the equidistribution of quadratic roots allows us to count special points on quadratic surfaces. For example, we obtain asymptotic for integer points on quadratic surfaces with prime coordinates and in short intervals.

- Time:
- 4:00pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Probability Seminar

Tuesday, 12 December 2023, 4:00 PM

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Venue: Ramanujan hall

Host: Harsha HutridurgaSpeaker: Trishen Gunaratnam

Affiliation: University of GenevaTitle: Tricritical phenomena in the Blume-Capel model.

Abstract: The Blume-Capel model is a ferromagnetic spin model that was

introduced in the '60s to model an exotic phase transition in uranium dioxide. Mathematically speaking, it is an Ising model coupled to a site percolation, combining two of the most beautiful models in statistical physics. It has a line of critical points - the Curie temperatures whereby the magnetisation demagnetisation transition occurs. Along this critical line, the model is expected to undergo a further phase transition at the so-called tricritical point. Despite many fascinating physics conjectures concerning the tricritical universality class, there are few rigorous results. In this talk, I will discuss these conjectures and touch upon recent results joint with Dmitry Krachun (Princeton University) and Christoforos Panagiotis (University of Bath) in establishing the existence of a tricritical phenomenon in all dimensions.

- Time:
- 4:00pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
**Mathematics Colloquium**Wednesday, 13 December, 4 pm

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**Venue:**Ramanujan Hall**Host:**Jugal VermaSpeaker: NV Trung

Affiliation: Vietnam Academy of Sciences, Hanoi

**Title:**Depth functions of homogeneous ideals**Abstract:**Depth is an important invariant of a graded algebra over a field. Let R be a polynomial ring and I a homogeneous ideal. By Auslander-Buchsbaum formula, depth R/I + proj.dim R/I = dim R. In recent years, there has been a surge of interest in the behaviour of the functions depth R/I^t and depth R/I^(t), where I^(t) denotes the t-th symbolic powers of I. It was conjectured that these functions may behave wildly at the beginning. These conjectures have been solved recently. This talk will give a survey on this topic.

- Time:
- 4:00pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Analysis of the PDE seminar

Thursday, 14 Dec, 4:00 PM

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Venue: Room 114

Host: Neela Nataraj

Speaker: Gopikrishnan Remesan

Affiliation: IIT Palakkad

Title: Two-phase model of compressive stress induced on a surrounding

hyperelastic medium by an expanding tumour.Abstract: In vitro experiments in which tumour cells are seeded in a gelatinous medium or hydrogel, show how mechanical interactions between tumour cells and the tissue in which they are embedded, together with local levels of an externally supplied, diffusible nutrient (e.g., oxygen), affect the tumour’s growth dynamics. In this article, we present a mathematical model that describes these in vitro experiments. We use the model to understand how tumour growth generates mechanical deformations in the hydrogel and how these deformations in turn influence the tumour’s growth. The hydrogel is viewed as a nonlinear hyperelastic material and the tumour is modelled as a two-phase mixture, comprising a viscous tumour cell phase and an isotropic, inviscid interstitial fluid phase. Using a combination of numerical and analytical techniques, we show how the tumour’s growth dynamics change as the mechanical properties of the hydrogel vary. When the hydrogel is soft, nutrient availability dominates the dynamics: the tumour evolves to a large equilibrium configuration where the proliferation rate of nutrient-rich cells on the tumour boundary balances the death rate of nutrient-starved cells in the central, necrotic core. As the hydrogel stiffness increases, mechanical resistance to growth increases and the tumour’s equilibrium size decreases. Indeed, for small tumours embedded in stiff hydrogels, the inhibitory force experienced by the tumour cells may be so large that the tumour is eliminated. Analysis of the model identifies parameter regimes in which the presence of the hydrogel drives tumour elimination.

- Time:
- 5:15pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Mathematics Colloquium

Thursday, 14 December at 5.15 PM

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Venue: Ramanujan Hall

Host: Sudhir Ghorpade

Speaker: Mahir Bilen Can

Affiliation: Tulane University, New Orleans

Title: Symmetric spaces, Hessenberg varieties, and Wonderful Compactifications

Abstract: Symmetric spaces appear in various branches of mathematics and physics. Their origins go back to Cartan's influential work on Riemannian geometry. In this talk after briefly reviewing symmetric spaces and their origins, we will discuss a special family of Hessenberg varieties in relation to K-orbit closures in flag varieties, where K is the symmetric subgroup S(GL(k)xGL(n-k)) in SL(n). Our goal is to explain how K-orbits can be used for understanding the geometry of Hessenberg varieties of semisimple operators with two eigenvalues. If time permits, we will shift gears towards wonderful embeddings of Hermitian symmetric spaces. We will discuss some applications of regular SL(2) actions in this setting. Parts of this talk are based on my joint work with Martha Precup, John Shareshian, and Ozlem Ugurlu.

- Time:
- 11:30am
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Algebraic geometry seminar

Monday, 18 December, 2023, 11.30 am

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Venue: Ramanujan Hall

Host: Sudarshan Gurjar

Speaker: Nitin Nitsure

Affiliation: TIFR, Mumbai (retd)

Title: Separated and Proper Morphisms

Abstract: Separated morphisms, and proper morphisms, are two very important classes of morphisms in algebraic geometry. In the next few lectures, we will study these for schemes, algebraic spaces, and algebraic stacks. The basic theory of such morphisms between schemes is given in Hartshorne's `Algebraic Geometry', Chapter 2, Section 4. After recalling the basics, we will go on to consider such morphisms between algebraic spaces and then between algebraic stacks. The first lecture should be easily accessible to beginner students in algebraic geometry.

- Time:
- 4:00pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Analysis Seminar

Wednesday, 20 December 2023, 4:00 pm

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Venue: Ramanujan hall

Host: Bata Krishna Das

Speaker: Rajeev Gupta

Affiliation: IIT Goa

Title: Generalized Cesaro summability in higher order Dirichlet type spaces

Abstract: Corresponding to every positive Borel measure on the unit circle and an integer, we shall consider weighted Dirichlet-type spaces. We will see that every member of these spaces can be approximated by certain generalized Cesaro mean.

- Time:
- 11:30am - 12:30pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Speaker : Husney Parvez Sarwar (IIT Kharagpur)

Date : 27th December, 11:30-12:30

Venue : Ramanujan Hall.

Abstract. We shall discuss the cancellation of symplectic modules and the

splitting of symplectic modules.

The symplectic cancellation can be thought of as a projective module

cancellation which is a recent result of Fasel.

The symplectic splitting is similar to Murthy's splitting theorem.

To prove the cancellation and splitting, we shall carefully analyze the

Postnikov tower in the A^1 homotopy category

Then we shall prove the vanishing of top cohomology with coefficients in

some homotopy sheaf.

As an another application of the vanishing result, we answer partially a

question of Mrinal Das about

the isomorphism of (d-1)-th Euler class group and (d-1)-th Chow group.

This is based on a joint work with Rakesh Pawar.

- Time:
- 4:00pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Algebraic Groups seminar

Thursday, 28 December 2023, 4 pm

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Venue: Ramanujan Hall

Host: Shripad Garge

Speaker: Chayan Karmakar

Affiliation: IIT Bombay

Title: Differentials & Smooth Points - IV

Abstract: We study the notion of Lie algebra of a linear algebraic group.

- Time:
- 11:30am - 12:30pm
- Location:
- Ramanujan Hall, Department of Mathematics
- Description:
Speaker : Husney Parvez Sarwar (IIT Kharagpur)

Date/ Time : 29th December, 11:30-12:30

Venue : Ramanujan Hall

Title : THE THIRD HOMOLOGY OF SYMPLECTIC GROUPS AND

ALGEBRAIC K-THEORYAbstract : We improve the homology stability range for the 3rd integral

ho mology of symplectic groups over commutative local rings with infinite

residue field. As an application, we show that for local commutative rings

containing an infinite field of characteristic not 2 the symbol map from

Milnor-Witt K-theory to higher Grothendieck-Witt groups is an isomorphism

in degrees